Detection of Mosquito Presence based on Building Elevation in Universitas Padjadjaran Jatinangor

March 2018
Faridah L, Leonita I, Sari SYI

Abstract

According to the Ministry of Health (KMoH), Dengue-Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) has been a big problem in Indonesia since 1968. In 1973 and 1983, the progressivity of DHF has increased. DHF cases have spread to more than 50% of districts/cities. Sumedang District has an incidence rate of 63.75 per 1,000 residents with the number of dengue cases of 715 in 2012. The purpose of this study was to evaluate of the presence of mosquito based on building elevation using ovitraps and mosquito light traps. A survey was conducted in seven locations with four different elevations (9.1-12.0 m) in Universitas Padjadjaran Jatinangor campus during the period of May to June 2017. All ovitraps were each placed in a potential location for mosquito breeding site for one week. For each elevation, in this case, each floor, three ovitraps were placed with a distance 1.5 m from each other. Modified mosquito light trap was turned on for 24 hours and sample collection was performed after three days. All samples were brought to the Parasitology Laboratory of the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran for identification. This study showed that two genera of mosquitoes were identified i.e. Culex spp and Aedes spp with Culex spp as the most frequently found genera. The eggs of Aedes spp can be found up to the third floor in dense settlements.

Language: Malay