Potential Container and Its Environmental Conditions for Mosquito Breeding Site in Universitas Padjadjaran Jatinangor
Playing pivotal role as vector of infectious disease such as dengue hemorrhagic fever, malaria, filariasis, yellow fever and chikungunya, mosquito needs to be controlled. Surveillance for mosquito breeding places will help the authorities in devising means in controlling mosquito density. The growth of mosquito larvae is influenced by environmental conditions such as water temperature, humidity, and pH. Those conditions may vary due to geographic differences, seasonal variations, or even climate change. The purpose of this study was to understand the potential container and its environmental conditions for larvae in Universitas Padjadjaran Jatinangor. A descriptive study was conducted by observing the presence of mosquito larvae in water containers both inside and outside of faculty buildings. Environmental conditions (pH, water temperature and humidity) were measured and recorded during observation for each water container. Results showed that from 582 containers examined, 72 (12.4%) were positive for larvae. The most potential container in the building was bucket, while foroutside of the building, the most potential container was bamboo. Aedes sp. dominated larvae discovered in this study. The average water temperature obtained was 24.30C with 66% humidity, and pH 8.1. These temperature and pH values are the optimum condition for larvae development in general. However, lower humidity level (humidity 81.6-89.5%) can still enable good growth of mosquito's eggs in the campus area of Universitas Padjadjaran Jatinangor.